Where should you bank your baby’s cord blood? Public vs private cord blood banking
After the birth of a baby, the umbilical cord and placenta are typically discarded as medical waste, but if requested, stem cells from the cord blood inside of them can be collected for storage or donation. The stem cells in cord blood can be used to treat 80+ serious medical conditions. Learn what these conditions are in our comprehensive list of conditions treatable with cord blood stem cells.
There are clear benefits to saving cord blood stem cells, but it can be confusing to decide where to store them. There are currently two options: public cord blood banks and private cord blood banks. Public and private banks serve very different purposes, and it is important to know which type of banking options makes the most sense for you and your family.
Private Cord Blood Banking
Private cord blood banks allow families to store cord blood stem cells for themselves and their loved ones. They are privately funded, and typically charge a first-year processing fee that ranges from about $1,400 to $2,300, plus annual storage costs (Americord offers annual and monthly payment options, as well as cord blood banking for a one-time fee of $3,499, which includes 20 years of storage). The pros and cons of private cord blood banking are listed below.
- You own your baby’s stem cells and therefore you are the only person who can decide who can use them
- Stem cell transplants from a related family member are less likely to be rejected, therefore having your baby’s stem cells available makes it less likely you would have to search for an unrelated donor who is a match
- The success rates of using related cord blood for transplants are twice that of using cord blood from a public donor for transplants
- Most private cord blood banks will pay all of the fees associated with transporting the stored cord blood to the necessary medical facility if it is needed for a transplant
Stem cell transplants from a related family member are less likely to be rejected, therefore having your baby’s stem cells available makes it less likely you would have to search for an unrelated donor who is a match
- There is a fee for collection and storage
- In some cases, there is a risk that the cord blood collected from a baby contains the condition that is being treated, so it cannot be used
If you or your spouse or partner has a family history of a condition that is treatable with stem cells, or if a family member is currently in need of a stem cell transplant, private cord blood banking could be the right choice for you.
Public Cord Blood Banking
Public cord blood banks offer free cord blood banking to anyone who meets their donation requirements. They are usually supported by federal or private funding, which is why they can perform these collections at no cost to the family. The pros and cons of public cord blood banking are listed below.
- Cord blood banking is provided at no cost
- Makes stem cells available to anyone who needs them
- Makes it possible for people in need of a stem cell transplant to search for a match outside of their family
- You no longer own the stem cells after you donate them, so they may not be available if you or your family ever need them
- Obtaining donor stem cells from a public cord blood bank is expensive, at times reaching $50,000
- Nearly 70% of cord blood donations are discarded for not meeting processing and storage requirements
- Not all hospitals work with public cord blood banks, therefore, depending on where you give birth, it may or may not be possible to donate to a public cord blood bank