History of Cord Blood Banking

History of Cord Blood Banking2018-11-20T12:59:53+00:00

Timeline with the history of cord blood banking

Timeline

1956

1956

The first successful bone marrow transplant between a related donor (an identical twin) and a recipient is performed by Dr. E. Donnall Thomas in New York to treat leukemia.

1958

1958

French oncologist and immunologist Dr. Georges Mathé performs bone marrow transplants on six Yugoslav engineers irradiated in a nuclear incident, then documents what comes to be known as graft-versus-host disease, identifying the immune response that can inhibit successful transplantation.

1974

1974

The first report on cord blood stem cells is published.

1988

1988

The first successful cord blood transplant occurs in Paris, performed by Dr. Eliane Gluckman. It is performed as a treatment for a six-year-old boy suffering from the blood disorder “Fanconi’s Anemia.”

1993

1993

First cord blood transplant takes place between a donor and recipient not related to one another, at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina, USA.

1997

1997

A successful cord blood transplant is performed on a 46-year-old man with chronic myelogenous leukemia, a type of cancer, during a clinical trial using cord blood that was expanded ex vivo.

1998

1998

The first successful transplant to cure sickle cell anemia. Twelve-year-old Keone Penn, suffering from sickle cell anemia, was treated at the Emory University Department of Pediatrics, in Atlanta, Georgia, USA. According to the National Cord Blood Program, one year after the transplant, doctors pronounced him cured.

2005

2005

2005

2005-2

More than 6,000 cord blood stem cell transplants are performed worldwide.

2006

2006

2007

2007

Umbilical cord blood is identified as being able to help metabolic disorders. Research also demonstrates that cord blood is comparable to the matched bone marrow.

2008

2008

The University of Southern California and Children’s Hospital Los Angeles researchers discover a way to enhance the growth of stem cells from umbilical cord blood after transplantation.

2008

2008-2

Americord is founded.

2011

2011

The Family Cord Blood Banking Act of 2011 amends the Internal Revenue Code to treat the cost of private umbilical cord blood banking services as a medical care expense for purposes of the tax deduction for medical expenses.

2014

2014

Americord unveils Cord Blood 2.0TM and revolutionizes cord blood collection.

2018

2018

30,000+ cord blood transplants have been conducted around the world.

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